Protecting Wilderness and National Parks

John Muir and The Geography Of Hope


John Muir and The Geography Of Hope 
Robert Macfarlane

John Muir grew into likeness with the mountains he loved. The most famous photograph of the elder Muir – the guardian of Yosemite, the family man, the esteemed essayist and memoirist – shows him in profile, seated  on a boulder of his cherished  Californian granite. The tones of his shirt, and the colour of his beard rhyme perfectly with the pale grey of the rock beneath him. He is half Victorian patriarch, half geological extrusion.
Muir (1838–1914) himself never knew quite what he was, and  it delighted  him not to know. ‘I am a poetico-trampo-geologist-bot. and  ornith-natural, etc.!!!’ he wrote gleefully to a friend in 1873. Looking back over his long life, one sees why he had to weld together such a compound description of himself – there are so many John Muirs. There is Muir the long-distance tramp, vagabondizing a thousand  miles from Indianapolis to the Gulf of Mexico. There is Muir the mountaineer, stalking the high ridges of the Sierra Nevada range in California, and making the first ascents of several of its biggest peaks. There is Muir the geologist, decoding the glacial origins of the Yosemite Valley. There is Muir the explorer, opening up unmapped  regions of Alaska in his fifties. There is Muir the botanist, striding through the pollinous bee-meadows of the Sierra, counting the ten thousand  flower-heads in a square yard  of sub-alpine pasture, and  worshipping in the crypt-light of the sequoia groves. There is Muir the traveller, visiting the eucalyptus forests of Australia’s Great Dividing Range, and  the Jenolan Caves of the Blue Mountains. There is Muir the activist, successfully lobbying the US Congress for the creation of a National Park in the Yosemite region. And there is, of course, Muir the nature writer, finessing a prose style which, more purely and  ringingly than any other, communicates the joy of being in the wild.
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